Comedy is the art of making people laugh through a story or performance. This art form originated in the ancient Greek and Roman cultures. In the Middle Ages, the term “comedy” was used to describe satire and humour in general. Comedy is a form of art that is intended to lighten the mood and release emotional tension.

Comedy is a genre of literature with many subgenres. Most comedies are about a group of characters who are in a situation where they are uncomfortable. These situations often involve personal stakes, such as love and friendship. Comedy can also include violence, though most violence is done for laughs. Some forms of comedy are aimed at a wider audience than others. A romantic comedy, for example, is a type of comedy where two people fall in love, have a series of confusing events, and ultimately come together in a happy ending.

One of the best known forms of comedy is slapstick. Many famous film actors, including Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton, used this form of comedy in their films. This style has been employed by countless film-makers since then. The French film-maker Jacques Tati is often credited with creating some of the most complex sight gags in cinema history. His films Mon Oncle and Holiday are renowned for their comic timing and wit.

The origin of sketch comedy can be traced to the 60s, when shows like Monty Python’s Flying Circus and The Carol Burnett Show hit the airwaves. The 80s saw the arrival of shows like The Kids in the Hall and Mr Show with Bob and David. They paved the way for the sketch comedy that has become so popular in the 21st century.

A tragic play, on the other hand, is the mirror image of comedy. It shows the downfall of an iconic hero. Tragedies are often religious. In ancient Greece, tragoedia was a Dionysian ceremony that involved goat-like dancers. The name tragoedia means goat-song, and it pantomimed the death-rebirth of a hero.